پنجشنبه 28 تير 1397 Thursday 19 July 2018 6 ذی‌القعده 1439

Writing Task 2 - انواع سئوالات

انواع سئوالات Writing در قسمت Task 2

در Task 2 چهار نوع Writing داریم که عبارتند از:

A) for and against

B) advantages and disadvantages

C) giving an opinion (i.e. one side of the argument only)

D) problem and solutions

 

در مدل اول دو دیدگاه ارائه می شود و از شما می خواهند پس از بررسی دو دیدگاه، نظر خود را ارائه نمایید. معمولاً این نوع Writingها با این جمله تمام می شوند:

Discuss both views and give your own opinion

در مدل دوم یک موضوع به شما داده می شود و از شما خواسته می شود تا مزایا و معایب آنرا بررسی کنید.

در مدل سوم، یک دیدگاه ارائه می شود و از شما می خواهند تا بگویید تا چه اندازه با آن موافق یا مخالف هستید. معمولاً این سئوالات با این جمله تمام می شوند:

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

و مدل آخر نیز که بحثی وجود ندارد، از شما خواسته می شود مشکلات مربوط به یک موضوع را بررسی کرده، دلایل بوجود آمدن آن، اثرات بد آن و راهکارهایی برای حل آن را ارائه نمایید.

در دروس بعد به بررسی چگونگی نوشتن این چهار نوع Writing می پردازیم.

 

تمرین: در این تمرین، انتهای سئوالات حذف شده است. بررسی کنید که این موضوعات می توانند به کدام دسته های بالا مربوط شوند (ممکن است هر موضوع به چند دسته نیز مربوط شود)

1. In most countries the majority of crimes are committed by young men under the age of 30. Why is this so and what can be done to reduce the problem?

 

2. Many judges prefer to sentence young offenders to do community service, such as working in an old people's home, collecting litter or painting a local school, rather than send them to prison. This form of punishment has a number of benefits but also some drawbacks.

 

3. Prison serves no useful purpose for young first-time offenders. No young person committing a crime for the first time should receive a prison sentence.

 

4. Prison should be a last resort for young first-time offenders. It is preferable to sentence young people who have broken the law to do community service, such as working in an old people's home, collecting litter or painting a local school.

 
5. As populations in developed countries age, those countries increasingly need workers from abroad. Developed countries should reduce restrictions on the immigration of workers and their families from poorer countries.


6. Every year thousands of workers from poor countries enter richer, more developed countries illegally to live and work, and this gives rise to a variety of social problems in those countries. What can be done to deal with this solution?

7. The birth rate in many developed countries is falling and as a result, these countries increasingly need workers from poorer countries to help their economies grow. This movement of workers brings many benefits but also creates social problems for the countries involved.

 

8. We are all citizens of the world. People should be allowed to move freely and to live and work in the country of their choice without restrictions.

9. Just as the state provides schools for the education of older children, it should provide facilities such as crèches and nurseries for babies and very young children so that working women can continue in their jobs when they become mothers.

 

10. In many workplaces women still do not enjoy the same opportunities as their male counterparts. Why is this so and what be done to make opportunities for women more equal?

 

11. Many of the problems in modern society arise because children do not receive enough attention from their mothers when they are very young. Mothers of young children should be obliged to stay at home and look after them rather than go out to work.

 

12. Some people argue that many of the problems in modern society arise from mothers going out to work and therefore spending less time with their children. Although the increasing number of working women causes some social problems, it also brings a number of benefits to society.

13. More and more people throughout the world are now living to a very old age and it is unreasonable to expect their families to look after the,. The state should take responsibility for caring for old people when they are no longer capable of looking after themselves.

 
14. In many countries people are expected by law to work until they reach the age of 65 and then retire. Many people would prefer to retire younger, while some would like to continue working longer, for example until they are 70. Laws should be flexible in allowing people to choose when they want to retire.

15.
On reaching retirement age, many people feel that they are no longer useful members of society. Why do they feel like this, and what can be done to make them feel they still have a contribution to make to society?

نظرات   

 
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