دوشنبه 2 مهر 1397 Monday 24 September 2018 13 محرم 1440

نوع چهارمWriting - علت و اثرات

نوع چهارم Writing - دلایل و اثرات سوء

نوع دوم سئوالات Account Type سئوالات Cause و Adverse Effects هستند. در این سئوالات یک مشکل مطرح می شود و از شما می خواهند دلایل بوجود آمدن این مشکل و اثرات سوء آن را بررسی کنید.

 برای نوشتن این Writing می توانیم دو پاراگراف بدنه (یکی Causeها و دیگری برای Adverse Effectsها) داشته باشیم.

 مقدمه را هم می توانید در دو بخش خلاصه کنید:

  • بخش اول: معرفی مشکل
  • بخش دوم: بیان اینکه روی چه جنبه هایی از مشکل قرار است بحث کنیم (در اینجا دلایل و اثرات)

توجه داشته باشید که لازم نیست در مقدمه در مورد جزئیات دلایل و یا اثرات آن صحبت کرد.

 

در مورد نتیجه گیری هم ابتدا می گوییم که موضوع در چه زمینه ای بوده است و سپس یکی دو راهکار برای حل آن ارائه می کنیم.

در زیر، نمونه ای از این نوع Writing را مشاهده می کنید.

 

Some findings have revealed that cities around the world are growing large. Could you outline the possible causes and predict consequences?

 

While urban sprawl has been taken as a positive development in many newly emerging cities, it is increasingly perceived as a threat to rural environment and considered as a trigger for numerous urban problems. The objective of this essay is to evaluate the forces behind this trend and its consequences.

 

Population growth is widely recognized as the primary reason. The room in the city center is so limited that it fails to provide enough housing to accommodate an ever-growing population. Another problem that has intensified in the inner city is infrastructure shortage and poor conditions of buildings. Lack of amenities such as water and electricity supply, waste disposal, sewage treatment, to name but a few, has left no choice to urban dwellers but to resettle in the suburbs, where they have easier access to new facilities. In addition, city dwellers are not always moving outward unwillingly. The continued increase in household incomes gives renewed impetus to urban development, People nowadays have higher expectations for quality of life and a growing appetite for lower-density housing with a larger open space. It is possibly the main reason why the real estate market has its focus now on the outskirts of the city, but not on the center. In the meantime, the affordability and ubiquity of car ownership has made transport a less serious concern for those living in suburbs. They can commute daily between the place of work and the place of residence with ease.

 

The sustained expansion of cities will make a marked impact on the society in several dimensions. The high traffic volume between suburbs and urban areas would cause severe air pollution and reduce the lands suitable for farming. Urban sprawl requires large developments, causing areas to lose some of their unique qualities and characteristics. From the economic perspective, the relocation of a high population in suburbs will pose adverse fiscal impacts on the local government in infrastructure construction. To those who used to live in suburbs, die inflow of new inhabitants would damage the community spirit and make relations between neighbors fragile.

 

Urban sprawl is, therefore, a trend which has a strong effect on the environment, communities and government budgeting. When urban decay and citizens' desire for higher standard of living make this trend irreversible, the emphasis should be placed on planned and sustainable development.

اضافه کردن نظر


کد امنیتی
تازه کردن

لینک های آنلاین برای گوش کردن به Podcastهای Euronews

آزمون آزمایشیIELTS

Mock Registration

لغات کاربردی IELTS

لغات ضروری آیلتس

منابع آزمون آیلتس

IELTS Sources منابع آزمون آیلتس

آمار بازدیدکنندگان

2830874
بازدید امروز...........بازدید امروز...........280
تمام بازدیدها.........تمام بازدیدها.........2830874

عضویت در خبرنامه